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Table 2

Comparison between the calculated rolling torque with the measured results.

Rolling pass Linear velocity/m · s−1 Δh/h0 Measured torque/kN · m Calculated torque/kN · m Relative deviation (%)
2 1.64 0.0913 2640 2661 0.8
3 1.66 0.0979 2694 2627 2.5
4 1.68 0.1082 2665 2623 1.6
5 1.82 0.1139 2430 2542 4.6
6 1.97 0.1067 2101 2318 10.3

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