Free Access
Issue
Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 117, Number 1, 2020
Article Number 104
Number of page(s) 10
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/metal/2019072
Published online 20 January 2020
  1. S. Balos, I. Radisavljevic, D. Rajnovic, M. Dramicanin, S. Tabakovic, O. Eric-Cekic, L. Sidjanin, Geometry, mechanical and ballistic properties of ADI material perforated plates, Mater. Des. 83, 66 (2015) [Google Scholar]
  2. B.V. Kovacs, Development of austempered ductile iron (ADI) for automobile crankshafts, J. Heat Treat. 5(1), 55 (1987) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  3. H. Bayati, R. Elliott, The concept of an austempered heat treatment processing window, Int. J. Cast Met. Res. 11(5), 413 (1999) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  4. J.F. Janowak, P.A. Norton, A guide to mechanical properties possible by austempering, 1.5%Ni, 0.3%Mo iron, AFS Trans. 88, 123 (1985) [Google Scholar]
  5. B.V. Kovacs, Austempered ductile iron: Fact and fiction, Mod. Cast. 80(3), 38 (1990) [Google Scholar]
  6. J. Liu, R. Elliott, The influence of cast structure on the austempering of ductile iron, Int. J. Cast Met. Res. 11(5), 407 (1999) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  7. F.V. Guerra L, A. Bedolla-Jacuinde, I. Mejía, J. Zuno, C. Maldonado, Effects of boron addition and austempering time on microstructure, hardness and tensile properties of ductile irons, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 648, 193 (2015) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  8. A. Nofal, L. Jekova, Novel processing techniques and applications of austempered ductile iron, J. Univ. Chem. Technol. Metall. 44(3), 213 (2009) [Google Scholar]
  9. K.S. Ravishankar, K.R. Udupa, P.P. Rao, Development of austempered ductile iron for high tensile and fracture toughness by two step austempering process, in: Proceedings of 68th World Foundry Congress, 2009, pp. 35–39 [Google Scholar]
  10. S. Panneerselvam, S.K. Putatunda, R. Gundlach, J. Boileau, Influence of intercritical austempering on the microstructure and mechanical properties of austempered ductile cast iron (ADI), Mater. Sci. Eng. A 694, 72 (2017) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  11. J. Cui, L. Chen, Microstructure and abrasive wear resistance of an alloyed ductile iron subjected to deep cryogenic and austempering treatments, J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 33(12), 1549 (2017) [Google Scholar]
  12. E. Olivera, B. Tanja, S. Nikola, T. Milan, G. Nebojša, Đ. Rade, Determination of processing window for ADI materials alloyed with copper, Metall. Mater. Eng. AMES 16(2), 91 (2010) [Google Scholar]
  13. S. Yazdani, R. Elliott, Influence of molybdenum on austempering behaviour of ductile iron Part 4 – Austempering behaviour of ductile iron containing 0 · 45%Mo, Mater. Sci. Technol. 15(8), 896 (1999) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  14. J. Shi, S. Zou, J.J.M. Too, R.W. Smith, On the quenchability of austempered ductile iron, Cast Met. 5(2), 103 (1992) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  15. M. Nili Ahmadabadi, H.M. Ghasemi, M. Osia, Effects of successive austempering on the tribological behavior of ductile cast iron, Wear 231(2), 293 (1999) [Google Scholar]
  16. G.P. Faubert, D.J. Moore, K.B. Rundman, Heavy-section ADI: Fatigue properties in the as-cast and austempered condition, AFS Trans. 99, 551 (1991) [Google Scholar]
  17. B.Y. Lin, E.T. Chen, T.S. Lei, The effect of segregation on the austemper transformation and toughness of ductile irons, J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 7(3), 407 (1998) [Google Scholar]
  18. M. Gagne, Effect of Mn and Si on the quality of heavy section ADI, AFS Trans. 95, 523 (1987) [Google Scholar]
  19. J.D. Mullins, “ Ductile iron data for design engineers”, Rio Tinto Iron & Titanium Inc., Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 1990 [Google Scholar]
  20. M.N. Ahmadabadi, S. Nategh, P. Davami, Wear behavior of austempered ductile iron, Cast Met. 4(4), 188 (1992) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  21. S. Yazdani, R. Elliott, Influence of molybdenum on austempering behaviour of ductile iron Part 3 – Austempering kinetics, mechanical properties, and hardenability of ductile iron containing 0 · 25%Mo, Mater. Sci. Technol. 15(8), 885 (1999) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  22. A. Bedolla-Jacuinde, F.V. Guerra, M. Rainforth, I. Mejía, C. Maldonado, Sliding wear behavior of austempered ductile iron microalloyed with boron, Wear 330-331, 23 (2015) [Google Scholar]
  23. L. Bartosiewicz, I. Singh, F.A. Alberts, A.R. Krause, S.K. Putatunda, The influence of chromium on mechanical properties of austempered ductile cast iron, J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 4(1), 90 (1995) [Google Scholar]
  24. P.P. Rao, S.K. Putatunda, Investigations on the fracture toughness of austempered ductile iron alloyed with chromium, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 346(1), 254 (2003) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  25. A.L. Muralidhara, P.P. Rao, Austempering of nickel-chromium alloyed ductile irons, AFS Trans. 94, 387 (1988) [Google Scholar]
  26. H. Bayati, R. Elliott, Influence of austenitising temperature on mechanical properties of high manganese alloyed ductile iron, Mater. Sci. Technol. 11(9), 908 (1995) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  27. A. Nazarboland, R. Elliott, The relationship between austempering parameters, microstructure and mechanical properties in a Mn—Mo—Cu alloyed ductile iron, Int. J. Cast Met. Res. 9(5), 295 (1997) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  28. L.L.T. Boneti, M. Hupalo, S. Vurobi Jr, A. Murilo Rosário , Influence of casting heterogeneities on microstructure and mechanical properties of austempered ductile iron (ADI), Matéria (Rio de Janeiro), Rio de Janeiro, 2017 [Google Scholar]
  29. S.K. Putatunda, P.K. Gadicherla, Influence of austenitizing temperature on fracture toughness of a low manganese austempered ductile iron (ADI) with ferritic as cast structure, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 268(1), 15 (1999) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  30. ASTM, Standard test method for tensile testing of metallic materials, Annual book of ASTM standards, Vol. 03.01, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1993 [Google Scholar]
  31. I. Minkoff, The physical metallurgy of cast iron, 1st ed., John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK/New York, 1983 [Google Scholar]
  32. L. Kong, Y. Liu, J.A. Liu, Y. Song, S. Li, R. Zhang, T. Li, Y. Liang, The influence of chromium on the pearlite-austenite transformation kinetics of the Fe–Cr–C ternary steels, J. Alloys Compd. 648, 494 (2015) [Google Scholar]
  33. G. Gumienny, M. Dondzbach, B. Kacprzyk, Effect of chromium on the solidification process and microstructure of vermicular graphite cast iron, Arch. Foundry Eng. 15(3), 29 (2015) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  34. D.J. Moore, T.N. Rouns, K.B. Rundman, Effects of manganese on structure and properties of austempered ductile iron: A processing window concept, AFS Trans. 48, 225 (1986) [Google Scholar]
  35. B. Kovacs, Heat treating of austempered ductile iron, AFS Trans. 99, 281 (1991) [Google Scholar]
  36. T. Maki, S. Shimooka, I. Tamura, The Ms temperature and morphology of martensite in Fe-31 Pct Ni-0.23 Pct C alloy, Metall. Trans. 2(10), 2944 (1971) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  37. M. Umemoto, E. Yoshitake, I. Tamura, The morphology of martensite in Fe–C, Fe–Ni–C and Fe–Cr–C alloys, J. Mater. Sci. 18(10), 2893 (1983) [Google Scholar]
  38. J.D. Mullins, Basic ductile iron alloying, in: Sorelmetal – Suggestions for ductile iron production, Rio Tinto Iron & Titanium Inc., Montreal, Canada, 2006 [Google Scholar]
  39. K.N. Murthy, P. Sampathkumaran, S. Seetharamu, Abrasion and erosion behaviour of manganese alloyed permanent moulded austempered ductile iron, Wear 267(9), 1393 (2009) [Google Scholar]
  40. D. Li, L. Liu, Y. Zhang, C. Ye, X. Ren, Y. Yang, Q. Yang, Phase diagram calculation of high chromium cast irons and influence of its chemical composition, Mater. Des. 30(2), 340 (2009) [Google Scholar]
  41. Metals Handbook, “ Properties and selection: Irons, steels, and high-performance alloys”, Vol. 1, 10th ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, 1990 [Google Scholar]
  42. B. Bosnjaka, B. Radulovic, Effect of austenitising temperature on austempering kinetics of Ni–Mo alloyed ductile iron, Mater. Tehnol. 38(6), 307 (2004) [Google Scholar]
  43. D.J. Moore, T.B. Noun, K.B. Rundman, The relationship between the microstructure and tensile properties in austempered ductile cast irons, AFS Trans. 87, 165 (1988) [Google Scholar]
  44. I.L. Mirkin, Z.N. Petropavlovskaya, Effect of the composition of ferrite on the resistance of chromium steels to relaxation, Met. Sci. Heat Treat. 6, 468 (1964) [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.