Rev. Met. Paris
Volume 102, Number 12, December 2005L'acier en France en 2004
Utilisation de l'acier
|Page(s)||905 - 918|
|Published online||09 February 2006|
Ultra High Strength FeMn TWIP Steels for automotive safety parts
Energy savings are among the most important goals of steel users. But generally, the increase of Tensile Strength for a given metallurgy is obtained to the detriment of ductility. Arcelor develops new ultra high strength steel with TWinning Induced Plasticity (TWIP) effect for weight reduction and impact resistance. This product, based on manganese (Mn) alloying metallurgy, has a tensile stress higher than 1000 MPa for a total elongation superior to 50%. Properties of these new steel grades are reported, in terms of tensile and forming behaviour, weldability and fatigue. Crash resistance is investigated by using a dynamic axial compression test and a dynamic three point bending test on structural components with closed and open cross sections. Optimised designs are presented for safety parts in FeMn TWIP 1000 and assessed against conventional UHS steel. For each steel grade, the weight saving potential is estimated with respect to parts manufactured in high drawing ability steel.
© La Revue de Métallurgie, 2005
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