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Metallurgical Research & Technology 2016 Best Paper Award (January 2017)

Now in free access!

We are delighted to announce the winner of the Metallurgical Research & Technology 2016 Best Paper Award.

The Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Award honors the author(s) of a paper of exceptional merit dealing with research and/or industrial aspects in metallurgy and bringing an outstanding contribution to the field. All articles published during the current year prior to the award, including Short Communications, Regular articles, Reviews and Topical contributions, can be considered for an award. The editorial committee meets every year, in December, to judge the best papers according to the criteria of originality, innovation, significance to the research community, industrial relevance, technical excellence, impact, and clarity of presentation.

The authors of the awarded articles are offered a book from the EDP Sciences catalogue. In addition, they are given the possibility to publish a press release about their work and/or their laboratory/team. Finally, the selected articles are turned into free access so that all readers can have a chance to read them.

First prize winner

Jean-Pierre Birat for his article "Steel cleanliness and environmental metallurgy", published in volume 113, 2016, article 201.

About the article

This paper reads like a review but it is actually playing on words, as it deals with non-metallic inclusion cleanliness and environmental cleanliness.

These are usually different topics, related to the purity of metals as constructed in its liquid phase, and to process engineering as it analyses the connection between steelmaking reactors and their environment. Indeed, the paper posits that metallurgy today has become environmental and that it has become essential to always deal with metallurgy and environmental issues at the same.

Steel cleanliness has now reached and asymptotic level of excellence, which will meet the needs of society for a long time to come. Environmental cleanliness, on the other hand, has still a long way to go, even if it meets the standards on emissions imposed today. Indeed, all emissions will have to be reduced drastically in the future, at the same level as greenhouse gas emissions. Environmental issues should drive future major innovation in process engineering, which ought also to improve inclusion cleanliness some more.

About the author

Jean-Pierre Birat
Jean-Pierre Birat

Jean-Pierre Birat is a researcher who has worked on steelmaking, environmental and social issues at IRSID and then at ArcelorMittal Research. He served as secretary general of the Steel Technology Platform, in Brussels. He is now a consultant, with his own firm, IF STEELMAN, on environmental, energy and materials issues. He also teaches, for example in Beijing at USTB. He sits on various international scientific advisory boards and is chairing the scientific committee of the Society & Materials annual conference. He has received several awards, including the Bessemer Gold medal. He has given many papers, conference presentations and keynote lectures.

Second prize winner

Ke Liu, Qisong Sun, Jiaquan Zhang and Chang Wang for their article "A study on quantitative evaluation of soft reduction amount for CC bloom by thermo-mechanical FEM model", volume 113/5, 2016, article 504.

About the article

Soft reduction (SR) has been regarded as one of the most promising ways to control center segregation of castings, together with the elimination of shrinkage porosity defects. The SR parameters for better internal quality control, however, have been studied mostly through industry tests in the past several decades. In the present paper, quantitative analysis has been made by sophisticated FEM models for the complex thermal mechanical coupled processes. Based on in-depth understanding to solidification behavior of steels, the model can predict the optimum total soft reduction amount cost effectively for the given steel grade and production formats. Furthermore, the distribution of the soft reduction amount upon the operation region can be suggested reasonably by quantitatively comparing the strain/stress around solidification front.

About the authors

Dr Ke Liu
Dr Ke Liu

Dr Ke Liu is Assistant Chief Engineer of Continuous Casting Major at the Department of Special Steel.

Shougang Research Institute of Technology in Beijing. He obtained his PhD in Metallurgical Engineering at the University of Science and Technology Beijing in 2012. During 2013-2015, he was Engineer of Continuous Casting Major, Shougang Research Institute of Technology.

The research interests of Dr Ke Liu are in: Metals Processing, Continuous Casting of Steel and Heat and Stress Modeling.

Dr Qisong Sun
Dr Qisong Sun

Dr Qisong Sun is Director of Department of Special Steel, Shougang Research Institute of Technology in Beijing from 2014. After obtaining the PhD in Metallurgical Engineering, at the University of Science and Technology Beijing in 2005, he worked as Assistant Chief Engineer of Continuous Casting Major, Shougang Research Institute of Technology in 2012 and as Assistant Director of Department of Special Steel, Shougang Research Institute of Technology in 2013.

The research interests of Dr Qisong Sun are in the: Development of Special Steel Grades, Production and Application of new materials, Metals Processing and in the Continuous Casting of Steel.

Professor Jiaquan Zhang
Professor Jiaquan Zhang

Professor Jiaquan Zhang is Professor and Department Head of Metallurgical Engineering,University of Science and Technology Beijing. He obtained the PhD in Foundry at the Tsinghua University in 1993, was Post-doctor Researcher, University of Science and Technology Beijing and Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd., in 1993-1996; was Visiting Scientist, Max Planck Institute for Iron Research, Duesseldorf in 1998-2000 and Professor of Metallurgical Engineering at the University of Science and Technology Beijing since 2001.

Research Interests: Fundamentals of Solidification, Metals Processing, Continuous Casting of Steel, Fluid Flow Modeling and Heat and Stress Modeling.

Mrs. Chang Wang
Mrs. Chang Wang

Mrs. Chang Wang is Engineer of Steelmaking Major at the Shougang Research Institute of Technology since 2013. She has obtained a Master, in Metallurgical Engineering at the University of Science and Technology Beijing in 2010.

Research Interests: Metals Processing, Continuous Casting of Steel and Hot Rolling Process.

Third prize winner

Kuan Xu and Ming-hua Bai for their article "DEM simulation of particle descending velocity distribution in the reduction shaft furnace", volume 113/6, 2016, article 603.

About the article

In this work,we have investigate the effect of the gas flow in the shaft furnace, the height, the diameter and the bosh angle of the shaft furnace on the velocity distribution during discharging process and analyzed based on the granular dynamic theory and Janssen theory. Results indicate that the effect of the gas flow on the velocity distribution is insignificant. In order to obtain a uniform velocity distribution, it is better to increase the shaft furnace height, or the shaft furnace diameter, or to decrease the shaft furnace bosh angle. An optimization model is proposed for the uniform velocity distribution at last. The velocity distribution in the optimization model is more reasonable for discharging materials evenly.

About the authors

Kuan Xu
Kuan Xu

Kuan Xu: He is a doctoral candidate in National Engineering Research Center for Equipment and Technology of Cold Strip Rolling in Yanshan University. The aim of his doctoral thesis contributes to understanding of the gas-solid two phase flow in the reduction shaft furnace.

Ming-hua Bai
Ming-hua Bai

Ming-hua Bai is a Professor and doctoral supervisor in National Engineering Research Center for Equipment and Technology of Cold Strip Rolling in Yanshan University. His main research topics are the structural analysis of smelting equipment and modern design. He has worked for 41 years in smelting equipment. He has contributed to 3 books on smelting equipment. He holds 11 patents.

Best Paper Award ! (November 2016)

We are delighted to announce the continuation of the Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Award.

The Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Award honors the author(s) of a paper of exceptional merit dealing with research and/or industrial aspects in metallurgy and bringing an outstanding contribution to the field.

All articles published during the current year prior to the award, including Short Communications, Regular articles, Reviews and Topical issue papers, can be considered for an award. The papers will be judged in December using the criteria of originality, innovation, significance to the research community, industrial relevance, technical excellence, impact, and clarity of presentation. The authors of the awarded articles will receive a book from EDP Sciences catalogue (www.edition-sciences.com); in addition they will be given the possibility to publish a News presenting their work and team.

The winners will be selected among the nominated authors by the Metallurgical Research & Technology Editorial Board members and the readers of the journal. Nominations (among volume 2016) can be sent by email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. giving the publication details of the paper and explaining how it meets the criteria listed above.

The closing date for nominations is 20 November 2016 !

The Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Awards 2016 will be announced in the beginning of 2017.

Robert ALBERNY and Jean-Marc STEILER
Editors-in-Chief

Ariana FUGA
Managing Editor

More news on: www.metallurgical-research.org

MRT welcomes your submission : https://articlestatus.edpsciences.org/is/metal/home.php

Metallurgical Research & Technology editorial office : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Metallurgical Research & Technology 2015 Best Paper Award (January 2016)

Now in free access!

We are delighted to announce the winner of the Metallurgical Research & Technology 2015 Best Paper Award.

The Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Award honors the author(s) of a paper of exceptional merit dealing with research and/or industrial aspects in metallurgy and bringing an outstanding contribution to the field. All articles published during the current year prior to the award, including Short Communications, Regular articles, Reviews and Topical contributions, can be considered for an award. The editorial committee meets every year, in December, to judge the best papers according to the criteria of originality, innovation, significance to the research community, industrial relevance, technical excellence, impact, and clarity of presentation.

The authors of the awarded articles are offered a book from the EDP Sciences catalogue. In addition, they are given the possibility to publish a press release about their work and/or their laboratory/team. Finally, the selected articles are turned into free access so that all readers can have a chance to read them.

First prize winner

Jacques Poirier for his article “A review: influence of refractories on steel quality”, published in volume 112/4, 2015, article 410.

About the article

Steel makers have to propose steel grades with narrower composition ranges, lower guaranteed contents of certain residuals and controlled inclusion size distributions to obtain reproducible and well adapted service properties. These metallurgical results can only be reached by a strict control of elaboration processes and also of products used during steel making. In this context, refractory materials have a crucial impact at different levels:

  • The control of solute elements such as carbon, sulphur, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, …
  • The prevention of non-metallic inclusions.

This paper reviews the effects of refractories on inclusionary cleanliness and quality of steel products. It mentions all the important developments that will limit the contribution of refractory products concerning oxide cleanliness, steel desulphurisation, Ca treatments of alumina de-oxidation inclusions, carbon pick up for ultra-low carbon steel, clogging phenomena and atmospheric oxidation, in conjunction with efforts of the metallurgists to produce clean steels.

About the author

Jacques Poirier

Jacques Poirier is Professor at the University of Orleans (Polytech) and Head of the research group: Refractory Materials, design and corrosion, CEMHTI – CNRS, Fr

He worked in the steel making industry (Arcelor Group) for 17 years.

Pr. Poirier has published over 110 papers. He has given over 250 oral presentations (over 30 invited conferences). He has contributed to 10 book chapters or books on refractory ceramics. He holds 11 patents. He contributes to the development of new global technological solutions in the refractory field including best practices, high temperature advanced ceramics, design of reactor linings, energy savings and environmental issues.

He promotes educational activities: teaching refractories of researchers, experts and engineers, cooperates actively with ceramic international organizations (FIRE federation) and serves on the advisory boards of scientific journals.

Second prize winners (exaequo)

1. Abhilash, A. Ghosh and B.D.Pandey for their article “Bioleaching of low grade granitic chalcopyrite ore by hyperthermophiles: Elucidation of kinetics-mechanism”, volume 112/5, 2015, article 506.

About the article

This work was performed to out-sheen the previous works on low grade chalcopyrite ore elsewhere, wherein the microbial specificity and temperature were the factors that primarily were thought to be affecting the solubilization of copper from such low tenor and hard rock material. Mesophilic leaching using natural bacteria results in a passivating layer forms on the mineral surfaces that prevents further leaching.

The current work displayed the ability of a thermophilic pyritic sulfur degrading bacteria isolated from a coal mine dump to bioleach copper from a low grade Indian chalcopyrite ore (0.3% Cu). With its prevalent ability to preferentially attack pyrite (a major phase in the ore, 85% copper recovery was obtained using <50µm particles at 20% (w/w) pulp density, pH 2.0, 75oC. The copper dissolution was facilitated by iron(III) available in the leach liquor because of bacterial oxidation of pyrite present in the ore under acidic conditions, which was corroborated by the XRD phase identification and SEM studies.

About the authors

Dr Abhilash

Dr Abhilash is Scientist in the Waste Recycling and Utilisation Group of CSIR-National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur, INDIA and Assistant Professor in Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR-NML). His doctoral dissertation is in the area of Biohydrometallurgy of Uranium Ores. He is the recipient of Fellow of Society of Applied Biotechnology, India; Young Scientist Awards of Indian Science Congress Association; Indian Nuclear Society (DAE); Association of Microbiologist, India; Biotech Research Society of India; Young Metallurgist Award by Ministry of Steel and Mines, Govt of India. He is affiliated to various International professional bodies like ASM, SFAM, SIM, ISEB, AMI, BRSI, etc. Dr. Abhilash in his less than 10 years R&D career has published over 65 papers in SCI Journals and Nat./Int. Conference Proceedings. He has 10 patents filed to his credit. He is Editor to 3 books published by Allied Publishers, India; Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland and CRC Press, US; Author of 1 book by Lambert Academic Publishing House, GmBH; Editor to 2 lecture compendiums, and contributed many chapters in books by national and international publishers. He has guided 35 Post Graduate Thesis in the field of mineral and microbial biotechnology. He is project leader/manager for various government and industrial sponsored projects in the area of Waste Recycling and Utilization and Mineral Biotechnology/Environmental Microbiology, sponsored by Indian govt and industrial partners. His areas of interest include hydrometallurgy, bioleaching, bioremediation, biosynthesis, microbial corrosion, and waste management (metal scraps, effluents, E-waste, etc).

A. Ghosh

A. Ghosh is a Research Scholar in the Waste Recycling and Utilisation Group of CSIR-National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur, INDIA. His filed of interests includes bioleaching, bioremediation, and microbial characterization. He has published three papers, 1 book chapter and has two patents filed under his credit.

Dr B.D.Pandey

Dr B.D.Pandey served as Chief Scientist & Head of Metal Extraction & Forming Division, CSIR-National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), Jamshedpur, and Professor, AcSIR (Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research)-NML, India. While working at CSIR-NML for over 33 years, he has contributed significantly in the area of extraction of non-ferrous metals from both primary and secondary resources, including the extraction of rare-earths. He has received several medals and awards such as the Best Mineral Engineer Award of IIME & Distinguished Researcher Award (Int. Conf. Non-ferrous Metals, India). He served as Invited Scientist with Korea Institute of Geo-science and Mineral Resources (KIGAM), Daejeon under the Brain-pool scheme of Korea Govt., Russian Institutes (IGIC, Moscow & Science Centre of Siberian Branch, RAS, Krasnoyarsk) and Paris Tech., France. He is on the Editorial Board of Int. journals such as Hydrometallurgy, and Metals & Materials Int., and has been the Editor-in–chief of Int. J. Non-ferrous Metallurgy. His areas of research include Chemical beneficiation, Hydro-& Bio-hydro-metallurgy & bio-remediation, Sulphation roasting, and Waste processing, Recycling & Environmental management. He has published over 130 research papers in leading international journals in the above areas and above 85 papers in Int. Conf. proceedings.



2. Peng Hu, Hui Zhang, Minglin Wang, Miaoyong Zhu, Xingzhong Zhang, Yingyi Zhang and Zhengyan Zhang for their article “Application of a chamfered mold to improve corner defects of HSLA during slab continuous casting”, volume 112/1, 2015, article 104.

About the article

The transverse corner crack is one of the main quality problems in the slab surface during the continuous casting process of micro-alloyed steel. The slabs with these defects are cut off the corner off-line by flame which not only causes the waste of energy, materials, human resources and the increasing of storage area, but also made hot charge and hot delivery impossible and the energy consumption of the heating process increased dramatically. A chamfered mold and the supporting technology are developed for removing the transverse crack. In industrial tests, the defects have significantly been reduced more than 95% by using chamfered mold compared with those in the conventional mold.

About the group

The National Engineering Research Center of Continuous Casting Technology (NERC-CCT) was found in 1994, its predecessor was the continuous casting center of China Iron and Steel Research Institute. 59 technicians and developers in the center: 2 members of Chinese Academy of Engineering, 13 professors, 22 Senior Engineers. In addition, there are 30 postdoctoral, doctor candidates, postgraduate students and domestic iron and steel enterprise's additional studies in continuous casting center.

About the authors

Peng Hu

Peng Hu: born in 1986. He is a doctoral candidate in metallurgy engineering in Northeast University and China iron and steel research institute. The aim of his doctoral thesis contributes to understanding of edge seam defect on hot rolling strip surface. The forming mechanism of this defect is researched by finite element method and physical thermal simulation. Then, the defect was improved by method of slab shape designing, and this method is verified on industrial rolling mill.

Hui Zhang

Hui Zhang: born in 1963. He has worked for 25 years in continuous casting, investigating the new technology and process. He is vice director and Professor of NERE-CCT now, responsible for technology development on continuous casting and management. He is the member of Chinese Society for Metals.

Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Award 2015 (October 2015)

We are delighted to announce the continuation of the Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Award.

The Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Award honors the author(s) of a paper of exceptional merit dealing with research and/or industrial aspects in metallurgy and bringing an outstanding contribution to the field.

All articles published during the current year prior to the award, including Short Communications, Regular articles, Reviews and Topical issue papers, can be considered for an award. The papers will be judged in December using the criteria of originality, innovation, significance to the research community, industrial relevance, technical excellence, impact, and clarity of presentation. The authors of the awarded articles will receive a book from EDP Sciences catalogue (publications.edpsciences.org); in addition they will be given the possibility to publish a News presenting their work and team.

The winners will be selected among the nominated authors by the Metallurgical Research & Technology Editorial Board members and the readers of the journal. Nominations (among volume 2015) can be sent by email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. giving the publication details of the paper and explaining how it meets the criteria listed above. The closing date for nominations is 30 November 2015.

The Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Awards 2015 will be announced in the beginning of 2016.

Robert Alberny and Jean-Marc Steiler: Editors-in-Chief
Ariana Fuga: Managing Editor

EDP Sciences signed an agreement to preserve Journals with Portico (April 2015)

EDP Sciences is pleased to announce that it has signed an agreement with Portico to provide a permanent archive of the e-content for many of their key journals. Through this agreement, institutions participating in Portico’s E-Journal Preservation Service will be assured continued access to EDP Sciences content for generations of their scholars in the future.

Current data will be sent to Portico as soon as the e-journal is published, and a full list of the journals committed to the Portico archive is available at http://www.portico.org/digital-preservation/who-participates-in-portico/participating-publishers/edp.

For more information read Press Release (PDF).

Metallurgical Research & Technology 2014 Best Paper Award (February 2015)

We are delighted to announce the winner of the Metallurgical Research & Technology 2014 Best Paper Award.

The Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Award honors the author(s) of a paper of exceptional merit dealing with research and/or industrial aspects in metallurgy and bringing an outstanding contribution to the field.

All articles published during the current year prior to the award, including Short Communications, Regular articles, Reviews and Topical issue papers, can be considered for an award. The papers are judged in December each year using the criteria of originality, innovation, significance to the research community, industrial relevance, technical excellence, impact, and clarity of presentation. The authors of the awarded articles will receive a book that they choose from the EDP Sciences catalogue in addition they will be given the possibility to publish on the journal website, a news article about their work or their laboratory/team.

First prize winners

David Zapico Álvarez, Florence Bertrand, Jean-Michel Mataigne and Marie-Laurence Giorgi for their article "Nature of the inhibition layer in GA baths", published in volume 111/1, 2014, p 9. The Editorial board of Metallurgical Research & technology underlines the scientific and industrial importance of the study presented in the article in the fields of hot-dipping, solid/liquid interface, intermetallic compounds, inhibition layer and galvannealed coating.

About the article

The nature of the intermetallic layer which forms on the steel surface during immersion in typical galvanizing baths for galvannealed (GA) sheets production is the subject of intense controversy for many years. Most of the authors claim the presence of Fe2Al5Znx solely, similarly to what is observed with Al richer baths used for the production of regular galvanized sheets.

This work solves this issue by showing that GA inhibition layers are biphasic and made of a very thin Fe2Al5Znx, getting discontinuous as the bath Al content decreases, covered by a thicker and continuous Al saturated Zn-Fe phase, as predicted by thermodynamic analysis of the reaction. Such knowledge allows an improved bath chemical composition control thanks to the possibility of precise calculation of the real Al consumption rate during production.

About the authors

David Zapico Álvarez

David Zapico Álvarez, born in 1984, got his master degree in Chemical Engineering from University of Oviedo (Spain) in 2010 after completing a one-year exchange in the Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse in 2008-2009. He started his PhD on galvannealing reaction with ArcelorMittal and Ecole Centrale Paris in March 2011 and completed it in February 2014. He conducted his work within the “Surfaces & Coatings” cluster of the Automotive Products Centre of ArcelorMittal Global R&D, located in Maizières-les-Metz, France. Presently, he belongs to that team as a researcher and is involved in the development of galvanized third generation high strength steels.

Florence Bertrand

David’s work was coached by Florence Bertrand, born in 1966. She completed a master degree in engineering at INSA-Lyon then joined IRSID, the former shared research centre of the French steel industry in 1990. She started her career by studying steel making process, and then she joined, seven years later, the research team involved in continuous galvanizing. She studied gas-metal reactions occurring during continuous annealing prior to hot dip galvanizing and so contributed to the development of galvanized TRIP steels. Next, she joined the Automotive Products Centre and conducted research work leading to the development of the Ultragal® coating, a galvanized coating exhibiting an improved appearance after stamping and painting. For a few years now, she is involved in modelling the galvannealing reaction kinetic, making use of thermodynamic analysis and diffusion laws.

Marie-Laurence Giorgi

Marie-Laurence Giorgi, born in 1972, Professor at École Centrale Paris, directed David’s PhD work. Her PhD, completed in 2000, gives a physical model of the nucleation and growth of the Fe2Al5Znx inhibition layer that appears at immersion in the continuous hot dip galvanizing process. She joined ECP after completion of her PhD and developed there a sessile drop equipment allowing the study of wetting of solid surfaces by metallic liquids. She leaded numerous PhD works on the interactions between solid and liquid metals, some of them in collaboration with ArcelorMittal.

Jean-Michel Mataigne

Jean-Michel Mataigne, born in 1960, played the role of scientific mentor for David during his PhD. Jean-Michel got an engineering degree in Applied Physics from UCL Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium) in 1985. He started his career at CRM, in Liège. He conducted research on gas-metal reactions occurring during batch and continuous annealing of steel sheets. He joined the research Centre of Sollac in Montataire (France) in 1992 to take the lead of the metallic coating team. He contributed to the development of Extragal®, Ultragal® and some other coatings for his company. Since 2002, he is senior researcher in the Automotive Products Centre and acts as a scientific expert in metallic coatings for ArcelorMittal.


Second prize winners (exaequo)

1. Sergiy V. Merzlikin, M. Wildau, K. Steinhoff and A.W. Hassel for their article Prove of hydrogen formation through direct potential measurements in the rolling slit during cold rolling, volume 111/1, 2014, p25.

About the article

Hydrogen formation and absorption on the surface of the working rolls during cold rolling often leads to hydrogen induced failure. In this work, direct potential measurements during cold rolling of zinc and X20Cr13 stainless steel were carried out in the rolling slit to follow the tribologic and galvanic mechanisms oh this phenomenon. It has been shown, that potential shift into either negative or positive direction of the rolls-product system delivers information on the processes taking place at the surface in the course of the friction, where the destruction and repassivation of the surface structures during continuous cold rolling follow each other, accompanied with intensive hydrogen evolution. Galvanic coupling of the working rolls with the product significantly intensifies the hydrogen embrittlement related problems of the rolls. As a result, atomic hydrogen is adsorbed on the surface and exhibits a pressure supported absorption into the rolls leading to failure.

About the authors

Sergiy V. Merzlikin
Sergiy V. Merzlikin: Born in 1977; 1999 Diploma thesis in Physics at the Kharkiv National University, Ukraine; Doctoral thesis in 2007 at the Ruhr-University Bochum about non-destructive Depth profiling using X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy; since 2008 working at the Max-Planck Institut fuer Eisenforschung in Dusseldorf, 2008-2010 in the Electrochemistry and Corrosion Group, since 2010 until now in Molecular Structures and Surface Modifications Research Group.


2. Bernard Monasse, Christophe Pradille and Yvan Chastel for their article A Molecular Dynamics Simulation study of semi-solid state Fe: high temperature elasticity and void formation in liquid, volume111/5, 2014, p283.

About the article

The present molecular dynamics model explores the high temperature semi-solid properties of iron: elastic tensor, cavitation in the melt and near a solidifying crystal front. The objective is to explore possible mechanisms initiating high temperature cracks during the last steps of solidification inside dendrite structure. The elastic constants of a perfect crystal are impressively high compared to room temperature properties. A two steps mechanism of cavitation in the melt is predicted near the growing crystal at a lower depression than in the melt. The cavitation should preferentially be initiated near the crystal surface, i.e. heterogeneous nucleation. During the pressure decrease the crystal progressively melts and quickly recrystallizes during the growth of the void cavity. This thermodynamics effect implies a transient melting/recrystallization process of dendrites which can weaken the dendrite structure and induces a crack.

About authors

Bernard Monasse

Bernard Monasse is involved in molecular dynamics simulations, in crystallization processes during materials processing and in the resulting mechanical and physical properties. His work balances experimental and simulation approaches. Our molecular dynamics simulations highlight the effect of cavitation is semi-crystalline polymers, in semi-solid metals under stress and are able to predict the first step of cellulose fibrils formation during vegetable growth.

Christophe Pradille

Christophe Pradille’s PhD in Materials Science and Engineering was done in Cemef, Mines-Paristech. The aim of his project contributes to understanding of hot tears phenomena. The rheological parameters and hot tear criteria were deduced from casting experiments and implemented in casting software. The molecular dynamics simulations were done to check the parameters acting on cavitation and then on cracks. After this PhD, he has created a business on material characterization.

Yvan Chastel

Yvan Chastel has worked for 25 years in materials science, investigating interactions between evolutions of microstructure and thermo-mechanical characteristics, often in large strain and under complex loading. This requires to develop approaches and models coupling physics, chemistry and mechanics, at different lengthscales, from atomic scales to macroscopic boundary value problems, with transition models of volume elements at grain, phase or semi-crystalline ensembles.

Metallurgical Research & Technology transitioning from CUP to EDP Sciences for 2015 (December 2014)

EDP Sciences is pleased to announce that hosting and distribution of Metallurgical Research & Technology, previously managed by Cambridge University Press (CUP), will transition to EDP Sciences for direct management from 2015 onwards.

Better services for customers and more integrated content

We feel that EDP Sciences can offer our customers a better service by integrating these journals into our wider portfolio. EDP Sciences has been investing in its platform and innovating with technology; we’re also keen to build more direct relationships within our communities. It just makes sense for us to manage the hosting and distribution of all our journals – together in one place – so our customers have a seamless experience of accessing all the content that we provide.

For further information

Please visit: http://publications.edpsciences.org/journals-transfer

Or

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Sign up for Metallurgical Research & Technology Email-alert service! (December 2014)

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Metallurgical Research & Technology launches the Best Paper Award (6 oct. 2014)

Metallurgical Research & Technology launches the Best Paper Award.

We are delighted to announce the launch of the Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Award.

The Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Award honors the author(s) of a paper of exceptional merit dealing with research and/or industrial aspects in metallurgy and bringing an outstanding contribution to the field.

All articles published during the current year prior to the award, including Short Communications, Regular articles, Reviews and Topical issue papers, can be considered for an award. The papers will be judged in December each year using the criteria of originality, innovation, significance to the research community, industrial relevance, technical excellence, impact, and clarity of presentation. The authors of the awarded articles will receive a book that they choose from the EDP Sciences catalogue in addition they will be given the possibility to publish on the journal website, a news article about their work or their laboratory/team. The winners will receive their prizes shortly after the awards announcement and their names will be published in the January issue of the journal.Papers can be nominated by the Metallurgical Research & Technology Editorial Board members (who are ineligible) or by readers of the journal. Up to three Best Paper Awards will be presented annually. Authors cannot nominate their own papers. Nominations can be sent by email to the journal editorial office (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ) giving the publication details of the paper and explaining how it meets the criteria listed above.

Nominations for papers to be awarded in 2014 are now welcomed. Eligible articles must have been published in Volume 111 (2014). The nominations will be judged by the Editorial board of the journal during its December 2014 meeting. The closing date for nominations is 2 December 2014.

The Metallurgical Research & Technology Best Paper Awards 2014 will be announced in the beginning of 2015.

Robert Alberny and Jean-Marc Steiler
(Editors-in-Chief)

Ariana Fuga
(Managing Editor)

Announcing new article type "Short Communication" (29 juil. 2014)

We are pleased to announce that the journal “Metallurgical Research & Technology” introduces a new article type, the “Short Communication”. These are contributions deserving priority in publication and report work that it technically sound, innovative and significantly unique in a length that does not exceed four printed pages. The authors that submit such an article are invited to provide, during the submission stage, a concise statement indicating the novelty, the outstanding and the significant aspects of their work. Articles of this type will be published online and will be given a free access for two months. We look forward to receiving your Short Communication and thank you in advance for publishing with us!