Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 111, Number 1, 2014
|Page(s)||57 - 66|
|Published online||04 April 2014|
Effect of different factors on low temperature degradation of hematite iron ore during reduction
1 Department of Material Science and
Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Brinellvägen 23, 100 44
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, College of Engineering Design Art and Technology, Makerere University, P.O. BOX 7062 Kampala, Uganda
Accepted: 7 March 2014
Low temperature degradation (LTD) of iron oxides was investigated with the aim of understanding how natural iron ores degrade under different conditions. Minimisation of this degradation would increase the acceptance level of natural iron ores as feed materials without prior beneficiation. In addition to temperature and reduction gas composition, sample positioning in the reduction furnace and sample’s original weight were also found to influence LTD. Samples placed in the top reaction zone of the furnace, which have the first contact with the reducing gas, were found to degrade 1.5 times more than those in the middle and bottom reaction zones. In addition, they presented a wide range of size in the disintegrated particles than those in the middle and bottom reaction zones. Furthermore, the samples with an original weight equal to or greater than 5 g, had a disintegration extent of less than 10%. Therefore, if the reduction gas comes into contact with a certain material first, before contacting the iron oxide, it may serve to reduce on LTD during reduction. Furthermore, in laboratory conditions, the occurrence of low temperature breakdown of the natural iron oxides can be minimised by using samples with an original weight equal to or greater than 5 g.
Key words: Hematite iron ore / reduction degree / low temperature strength / reaction zones / size of lumps
© EDP Sciences 2014
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