Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 115, Number 2, 2018
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||08 January 2018|
Comparative study on Ce (III) and La (III) solvent extraction and separation from a nitric acid medium by D2EHPA and Cyanex272
Department of Chemical Technologies, Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology,
2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Imam Khomeini International University, 34148-96818 Qazvin, Iran
* e-mail: Habibpour@irost.ir
Accepted: 26 September 2017
The solvent extraction of Cerium(III) and Lanthanum(III) from nitric acid solution using the organophosphorous extractants Di-(2-ethyl hexyl) phosphate (D2EHPA) and di-2,4,4- trimethylpentyl phosphoric acid (Cyanex272) in kerosene was investigated. In this study, the magnitude of the extraction of Ce(III) was found to be more significant with Cyanex272 than D2EHPA. D2EHPA was found to be a better extractant for La(III). Among the two extractants, Cyanex272 was used for the separation of Ce from La in three stages with an extraction efficiency of 90.2% for Ce. A 556 mg/L Ce solution was used for the scrubbing of La with an efficiency of ≈34%, which required multi stage scrubbing. The study of thermodynamic parameters such as enthalpy, entropy, and Gibbs free energy impart the exothermic and non-spontaneous process. The chemical speciation curves for lanthanum and cerium in the aqueous phase as a function of pH showed that the free La(III) and Ce(III) metal ion species were largely predominate between a pH = 0 and pH = 7.
Key words: solvent extraction / separation / lanthanides / Cyanex272 / D2EHPA
© EDP Sciences, 2017
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