Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 115, Number 3, 2018
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||25 April 2018|
Study of hot cracking potential in a 6-ton steel ingot casting
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University,
100084, PR China
* email: email@example.com
Accepted: 18 December 2017
A new hot cracking potential (HCP) criterion, for the appearance of hot tearing in steel ingot castings, is proposed. The maximum value of the first principal stress, divided by the dynamic yield strength in the brittle temperature range (BTR), was used to identify the HCP. Experiments were carried out on a 6-ton P91 steel ingot in which severe hot tearing was detected in the upper centerline. Another ingot, with a better heat preservation riser, and without hot tearing, was used for comparison. Samples were obtained from the area of the ingot body with hot tearing, and their morphologies were inspected by a X-ray high energy industrial computed tomography. The carbon and sulfur distributions around the hot tearing were characterized by an infrared spectrometry carbon and sulfur analyzer. High temperature mechanical properties were obtained by a Gleeble thermal simulation machine, under different strain rates. Then, thermo-mechanical simulations using an elasto-viscoplastic finite-element model were conducted to analyze the stress and strain evolution during ingot solidification. The results showed that the hot tearing area, which was rich in both carbon and sulfur, was under excessive tensile stress in the BTR, bearing the highest HCP.
Key words: hot cracking potential / steel ingot / elasto-viscoplastic / thermo-mechanical simulation / hot tearing
© EDP Sciences, 2018
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