Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 115, Number 3, 2018
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||25 April 2018|
Investigation the influences of B2O3 and R2O on the structure and crystallization behaviors of CaO–Al2O3 based F-free mold flux
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University,
400044, PR China
2 State Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallurgy, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, PR China
* email: email@example.com
Accepted: 7 December 2017
The influences of B2O3 and R2O on the structure and crystallization of CaO–Al2O3 based F-free mold flux were investigated by Raman Spectroscopy and Differential Scanning Calorimetry Technique, respectively, for developing a new type of F-free mold flux. The results of structural investigations showed that B3+ is mainly in the form of [BO3]. And [BO3] appears to form BIII–O–Al linkage which will produce a positive effect on forming [AlO4] network. The number of bridging oxygen and the degree of polymerization of [AlO4] network structure for CaO–Al2O3 system were also increased with the increasing of B2O3. On the contrary, with the addition of R2O into CaO–Al2O3–B2O3 system, the number of bridging oxygen and the degree of polymerization of [AlO4] network were decreased. DSC results showed that the crystallization process became more sluggish with the increase of B2O3, which indicated that the crystallization ability was weakened. While the quenched mold fluxes crystallized more rapidly when introducing R2O. In other word, the crystallization rates of CaO–Al2O3 based slags were accelerated by the introduction of R2O. The liquidus temperature and crystallization temperature were decreased with the increasing amount of B2O3 or by addition of R2O into CaO–Al2O3 system. Only one kind of crystal was precipitated in 8% B2O3 and %R2O-containing samples, which was CaAl2O4 identified by SEM-EDS. When the content of B2O3 increased from 8% to 16%, Ca3B2O6 is clearly observed, demonstrating that the crystallization ability of Ca3B2O6 is enhanced by the increasing concentration of B2O3 in mold flux. The Ca/Al ratio of the generated calcium aluminate has been altered from 1:2 to 1:4 with the increasing of B2O3. The size of CaAl2O4 crystal is gradually increased with the addition of R2O. The crystallization ability of CaAl2O4 is promoted by R2O.
Key words: CaO–Al2O3 mold flux / structure / crystallization
© EDP Sciences, 2018
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