Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 116, Number 1, 2019
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||18 December 2018|
Characterization and boriding kinetics of AISI T1 steel
Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Escuela Superior de Ciudad Sahagún-Ingeniería Mecánica, Carretera Cd. Sahagún-O tumba s/n,
2 Laboratoire de Technologie des Matériaux, Faculté de Génie Mécanique et Génie des Procédés, USTHB, B.P. No. 32, El-Alia, 16111, Bab-Ezzouar, Algiers, Algeria
3 Tecnológico de Monterrey-Campus Santa Fe, Av. Carlos Lazo No. 100, Del. Álvaro Obregón, C.P. 01389, México City, México
4 Centro de Investigaciones en Materiales y Metalurgia, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Ciudad Universitaria Pachuca-Tulancingo km 4.5, Pachuca, Hidalgo, México
5 Universidad Iberoamericana Ciudad de México, Departamento de Física y Matemáticas, Prolongación Paseo de la Reforma 880, Lomas de Santa Fe, C.P. 01219, México City, México
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 9 August 2018
The AISI T1 steel was hardened by the solid boriding process in the temperature range 1123–1273 K for a time duration of 2 to 8 h. A kinetic model, based on the integral method, was applied to the growth of a single boride layer (Fe2B) at the surface of AISI T1 steel. This diffusion model has been validated experimentally by considering two additional boriding conditions. A numerical solution was then obtained after solving the set of differential algebraic equations in order to compare the experimental thicknesses of Fe2B layers with the predicted values. The activation energy for boron diffusion in AISI T1 steel was estimated as 212.76 kJ mol−1 and a comparison was made with other values available in the literature. The formed boride layers with a saw-tooth morphology were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). X-ray diffraction confirmed that the borided layer was composed of only Fe2B. The Daimler-Benz Rockwell-C indentation technique was employed to assess the cohesion of Fe2B layers on AISI T1 steel. In addition, the pin-on-disc and wear scratch tests were carried out for investigating the wear behaviour of borided AISI T1 steel.
Key words: boriding / kinetics / diffusion / Fick’s laws / integral method / iron boride / activation energy / tribology / adherence / wear
© EDP Sciences, 2018
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