Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 117, Number 5, 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||08 September 2020|
Manufacturing technology and application of cooling stave in blast furnace
Institute for Metallurgical Engineering and Technology, North China University of Science and Technology,
063210, PR China
2 College of Metallurgy and Energy, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Modern Metallurgy Technology, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063210, PR China
3 School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, PR China
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 4 August 2020
The service life of blast furnace (BF) is depending on the cooling equipment of furnace body, cooling stave which is an important cooling equipment for BF has attracted more attention. In the current paper, the classification of BF cooling staves in China was introduced, cast iron stave, cast steel stave, copper stave, and copper-steel composite stave were used on different parts of furnace body. The manufacture of cooling staves was studied, evaporative pattern casting (EPC) was favored due to high automation and environmental protection. The strong combination between steel plate and copper plate of copper-steel composite stave could be ensured under high-speed oblique impact through explosive welding. High density and high thermal conductivity of copper stave could be obtained by efficient rolling technology. The performance and application of BF cooling stave were investigated, the advantages and disadvantages of the various cooling staves were analysed, the thermal resistance between the steel water pipe and the cast iron body accounted for about 80% of the total thermal resistance which would affect the cooling effect of cast iron stave. The significant cost advantage of copper-steel composite stave was found compared with copper stave, test results of copper-steel composite stave in a commercial BF showed that the cooling effect is equivalent to that of the copper stave. The suitable cooling stave in BF should be selected according to the characteristics of the various cooling staves, the heat transfer balance and the stability of the skull on the hot face must be ensured to protect the cooling stave.
Key words: blast furnace / cooling stave / manufacture / performance / application
© EDP Sciences, 2020
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