Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 117, Number 5, 2020
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||14 August 2020|
Effect of CeO2 addition in the slag on inclusions of FGH96 superalloy during electroslag remelting
Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Materials Genome Engineering, Institute for Advanced Materials and Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing,
100083, PR China
Accepted: 23 June 2020
The FGH96 superalloy was electroslag remelted by utilizing CeO2 containing slag. CeO2/Al2O3 ratio and atmosphere are found to be the main factors that control the oxide inclusion contents during electroslag remelting (ESR). The reaction between CeO2 in the molten slag and Al in the molten alloy leads to the increased dissolved Ce in the molten alloy, which is effective to remove oxide inclusions. Dissolved Ce reacts with MgO in the inclusions, leading to the transformation of Al2O3–MgO inclusion in the electrode to Al2O3–MgO–Ce2O3 and Al2O3–Ce2O3 inclusions in the ESR ingot. In case of low CeO2/Al2O3 ratio of 0.263, oxygen content decreases to as low as 8 ppm after ESR under vacuum, and the number density of oxide inclusion decreased by an order of magnitude in comparison to the electrode. In case of high CeO2/Al2O3 ratio of 5.0, oxygen content decreases further to 6 ppm no matter what the condition is.
Key words: FGH96 superalloy / electroslag remelting / CeO2 / inclusions / oxygen content
© EDP Sciences, 2020
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