Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 118, Number 5, 2021
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||17 September 2021|
Comparative analysis of the effect of Ca and Mg-Al modification on the composite inclusions in S50C Die steel
Center for Advanced Solidification Technology (CAST), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, PR China
2 State Key Laboratory of Advanced Special Steel, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, PR China
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 28 May 2021
At present, the effective ways to improve the cleanliness of S50C die steel are Ca or Mg-Al treatment processes. In order to explore the effect difference of two kinds of modification process of S50C killed steel, evaluate the industrial application prospect of the two processes, and clarify the modification mechanism. In this paper, the advantages of Mg-Al modification are demonstrated from the aspects of theoretical basis and actual sample modification effect. The thermodynamics and kinetics of inclusion precipitation, composition, morphology, and distribution are analyzed. The results show that: the precipitation temperature of MnS in S50C die steel is 1686 K, the corresponding solid-phase rate is 0.98. In Mg-Al modification, when the Al content is 332 ppm, the Mg content should be controlled below 14.1 ppm. When the Al content is higher than 0.02%, the Ca content should be controlled below 28.7 ppm. Kinetic calculations show that the equilibrium shape size of MnS is in the range of 0.3‑1.4 µm. Both modifications increase the nucleation rate of inclusions and control the shape and size of inclusions by pre-precipitation. Ca treatment is preventing the formation of large inclusions by forming calcium aluminate. Mg can provide more uniform nucleation sites and form smaller inclusions.
Key words: S50C die steel / complex inclusion / MgO ∙ Al2O3 / CaO · Al2O3 / MnS
© EDP Sciences, 2021
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