Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 119, Number 6, 2022
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||22 November 2022|
Simulation study on multiphase behavior of gas-metal-slag in the 260t converter
School of Materials and Metallurgy, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051, China
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Accepted: 20 October 2022
Taking the 260t BOF steelmaking process as the research object, it is of great significance to study the Gas-metal-slag interaction with oxygen lance. In this paper, a 3D mathematical model is established by using fluent. Through changing some physical parameters of lance height and slag, the impact depth, impact cavity area and energy transfer and flow are analyzed. The numerical results show that with the increase of lance height, the diameter of impact cavity in molten steel becomes larger, but the impact depth decreases. When the lance height is 32de, the area of high speed zone in the molten steel pool is the largest, the energy in oxygen jet is mostly dissipated in the process of reaching the slag level, and the kinetic energy obtained by the slag is only about 14% of the kinetic energy of molten steel. With the increase of slag thickness, the depth and area of the cavity decrease, and the flow of molten steel is restrained. The change of slag viscosity and slag density has little effect on the flow velocity. This study can provide reference and guidance for the regulation and control of the process parameters of converter refining.
Key words: converters / gas-metal-slag / impact crater / oxygen lance
© EDP Sciences, 2022
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