Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 120, Number 3, 2023
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||26 May 2023|
Effect of supergravity field on the behavior of suspended dross in hot dip Al-Zn and purification
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallurgy, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
2 Shougang Group Co., LTD, Research Institute of Technology, 100043 Beijing, China
3 Beijing Engineering Research Center of Energy Steel, Beijing 100043, China
4 Beijing Key Laboratory of Green Recyclable Process for Iron and Steel Production Technology, Beijing 100043, China
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 17 April 2023
Suspended dross is becoming the main factor affecting the surface quality of hot-dip coated steel. Hence, this paper developed a new method for its removal from industrial hot-dip Al–Zn (AZ) baths by using a supergravity field, whose effect on it was analyzed. The supergravity field forced the suspended dross to the top layer, and stratification occurred. As the gravitational constant (G) increased, the pure alloy ratio in the hot-dip AZ matrix increased and the suspended dross became more intensively confined in the top layer; at G = 1000, the pure alloy ratio reached 87.3%, with almost no suspended dross. A new shape factor for the suspended dross was proposed to determine via kinetic calculations its movement behavior under the supergravity field. The calculation results were consistent with the experimental data, laying the foundation for the separation and removal of suspended dross in hot-dip AZ baths by the supergravity field.
Key words: suspended dross / Al-Zn alloy / supergravity / movement
© EDP Sciences, 2023
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