Free Access
Review
Issue
Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 113, Number 2, 2016
Article Number 201
Number of page(s) 24
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/metal/2015050
Published online 11 February 2016
  1. J.-P. Birat, Alternative ways of making steel: retrospective and prospective, Centenaire de la Revue de Métallurgie, Paris, 9 décembre 2004, La Revue de Métallurgie-CIT, Novembre 2004, pp. 937-955 [Google Scholar]
  2. P. Brun, P. Ruby, L’âge du fer en France, premières villes, premiers états celtiques, La Découverte, 2008, p. 177 [Google Scholar]
  3. A. Testard, Avant l’histoire, l’évolution des sociétés de Lascaux à Carnac, nrf, éditions Gallimard, 2012, p. 549 [Google Scholar]
  4. E. Bellevrat, P. Menanteau, Introducing carbon constraints in the Steel sector: ULCOS scenario and economic modeling, La Revue de Métallurgie-CIT, September 2009, pp. 318-324 [Google Scholar]
  5. J.-P. Birat, Matériaux & Techniques 103 (2015) 501 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  6. J.-P. Birat, Metall. Res. Technol. 112 (2015) 206 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  7. J. Friedel, personal communication, 1975 [Google Scholar]
  8. J.-P. Birat, Ironmak. Steelmak. 28 (2001) 152-158 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  9. S. Ogibayashi, Advances in Technology of oxide metallurgy, Nippon Steel Technical Report, No. 61, April 1994, pp. 70-76 [Google Scholar]
  10. S. Beauvais, P. Fluzin, Archeo. Sci. 30 (2006) 25-43 [Google Scholar]
  11. http://www.astm.S.Oghibayashiorg/Standards/E45.htm [Google Scholar]
  12. Y.D. Yang, A. McLean, Some metallurgical considerations pertaining to the development of steel quality, in Treatise on process metallurgy, edited by Seshadri Seetharaman, Elsevier, 2014, pp. 251-282 [Google Scholar]
  13. F. Ruby-Meyer, A. Carré, E. Hénault, Optimisation of sampling at liquid steel state and correlative inclusion assessment of liquid steel for the improvement of high performance steel grades production process (SOpliqS), Contract No. RFSR-CT-2007-00005 1 July 2007 to 30 June 2010, Final report [Google Scholar]
  14. A.D. Wilson,Clean Steel technology – fundamental to the development of high performance steels, Advances in the production and use of steel with improved internal cleanliness, ASTM STP 1361, 1999 [Google Scholar]
  15. J. Pokorny, A. Pokorny, Inclusions non métalliques dans l’acier, Techniques de l’ingénieur, Référence M220, 10 juin, 1998 [Google Scholar]
  16. J.P. Bellot, Maîtrise du comportement des inclusions dans les poches d’acier liquide – CIREM, ANR, 18/10/2013, http://www.agence-nationale-recherche.fr/fileadmin/documents/2013/matetpro2013/pres/14_CIREM_Bellot.pdf [Google Scholar]
  17. A. Guinier, Personal reminiscence, in Fifty years of X-Ray diffraction, P.P. Ewald, editor, International Union Of Crystallography, July 1962, 574-578, http://www.iucr.org/_data/assets/pdf_file/0004/769/guinier.pdf [Google Scholar]
  18. L. Zhang, B.G. Thomas, Inclusions in continuous casting of steel, XXIV National Steelmaking Symposium, Morelia, Mexico, 26-28 November, 2003, pp. 138-183 [Google Scholar]
  19. J.-P. Birat, Continuous casting – history, actual situation and future prospects, ECCC 2005, 5th European Continuous Casting Conference, Nice, 20-23 June, 2005 [Google Scholar]
  20. J.-P. Birat, J.Y. Lamant, M. Larrecq, J. Pétégnief, The continuous casting mold: a basic tool for surface quality and strand productivity, Steelmaking Proceedings, 1991 [Google Scholar]
  21. J.-P. Birat, C. Marchionni, Continuous Casting, Past, Present And Future..., ECCC 2005, 5th European Continuous Casting Conference, Nice, 20-23, June 2005 [Google Scholar]
  22. J. Saleil, J. Le Coze, La propreté des aciers: une longue conquête scientifique et technologique de la sidérurgie, Matériaux & Techniques 103 (2015) 506, 507, 508 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  23. X-ray tomography in material science, edited by J. Baruchel, J.Y. Buffiere, E. Maire, 2000; 208 p; Hermes science publications, Paris, France, 2000, 208 p. [Google Scholar]
  24. C. Gusenba, M. Reiter, J. Kastner, G. Kloesch, Detection of Non-Metallic Inclusions in Steel by X-ray Computed Tomography and After Fatigue Testing, 11th European Conference on Non-Destructive Testing (ECNDT 2014), Prague, Czech Republic, October 6-10, 2014 [Google Scholar]
  25. R. Kiessling, Met. Sci. 15 (1980) 161-172 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  26. L. Zhang, B.G. Thomas, Alumina inclusion behavior during steel deoxidation, 7th European Electric Steelmaking Conference, Venice, Italy, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia, Milano, Italy, May 26-29, 2002, pp. 2.77-2.86 [Google Scholar]
  27. T. Toriyama, Y. Murakami, T. Yamashita, K. Tsubota, K. Furumura, J. Iron Steel Instit. Jpn 81 (1995) 77-82 [Google Scholar]
  28. H.V. Atkinson, G. Shi, Progress Mater. Sci. 48 (2003) 457-520 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  29. D.C. Hilty, D.A.R. Kay, Electric Furnace Steelmak. Conference Proc. 1985, Vol. 43, p. 237 [Google Scholar]
  30. Y. Murakami, S. Kodama, S. Konuma, Int. J. Fatigue 11 (1989) 291-298 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  31. D. Quantin, Aciers...juste de la matière grise, SF2M 1945-2015, 70 ans de Métallurgie et de Matériaux, maison de la chimie, Paris, 20 mars, 2015 [Google Scholar]
  32. ESTEP web site, Ensuring profit and innovation, http://cordis.europa.eu/estep/wg1-profit-innovation_en.html, accessed on 27 July 2015 [Google Scholar]
  33. J.-P. Birat, Steel Products development, EuroSteel Master 2015, VII edition, 11-15 May 2015, Terni, Matériaux & Techniques, to be published [Google Scholar]
  34. J.-P. Birat, P. Destatte, Prospective industrielle et économie circulaire : concept élégant et réalité complexe cours-conférence au Collège Belgique, mardi 5 mai 2015, de 17 à 19 heures, Palais provincial de Namur, http://lacademie.tv/conferences/prospective-industrielle-et-economie-circulaire [Google Scholar]
  35. Raw Materials Improvement Report, 2 April 2014, World Steel Association, ISBN : 978-2-930069-72-2 [Google Scholar]
  36. J.-P. Birat, M. Chiappini, C. Ryman, J. Riesbeck, Revue de Métallurgie 110 (2013) 97-131 [Google Scholar]
  37. B. de Lamberterie et al., ESTEP-EUROFER Steel production - energy efficiency working group, Final report, January 2014, ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/estep/docs/wg7-final-report.pdf [Google Scholar]
  38. J.-P. Birat, Steel sectoral report, Contribution to the UNIDO roadmap on CCS, Global Technology Roadmap for CCS in Industry sectoral workshop, Abu Dhabi, 30 June-1 July 2010; http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Energy_and_Climate_Change/Energy_Efficiency/CCS/Stee_sectoral_%20report.pdf [Google Scholar]
  39. J.-P. Birat, H. Lavelaine, Steel production & smart electricity grids, 2014, http://cordis.europa.eu/estep/docs/steel-production-and-smart-electricity-grids-website2.pdf [Google Scholar]
  40. J.-P. Birat, J. Borlée, H. Lavelaine, P. Négro, K. Meijer, J. van der Stel, P. Sikstrom, ULCOS PROGRAM: AN UPDATE IN 2012, Scanmet IV, 10-13 June 2012, Luleå, Sweden, vol. 1, pp. 35-44 [Google Scholar]
  41. Directive of the European parliament and of the council amending Directive 2003/87/EC to enhance cost-effective emission reductions and low-carbon investments, European Commission, 15 July 2015, http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/ets/revision/docs/com_2015_337_en.pdf [Google Scholar]
  42. http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/ets/revision/index_en.htm [Google Scholar]
  43. J.-P. Birat, Unconventional ways on which to base the value of CO2, CO2 Economics seminar, ESTEP, Brussels, 17 September, 2013, ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/estep/docs/co2-economic-seminar-final_en.pdf [Google Scholar]
  44. Best Available Techniques (BAT) Reference Document for Iron and Steel Production, industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control), 2013, http://eippcb.jrc.ec.europa.eu/reference/BREF/IS_Adopted_03_2012.pdf [Google Scholar]
  45. L. Liu, L. M. Kauri, M. Mahmud, S. Weichenthal, S. Cakmak, R. Shutt, H. You, E. Thomson, R. Vincent, P. Kumarathasan, G. Broad, R. Dales, Int. J. Hygiene Environ. Health 217 (2014) 279-286 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  46. J.-P. Birat, Sci. Technol. Steelmak. 85 (2014) 1240-1256 [Google Scholar]
  47. Water and Steel: Research and Technology development needs, ESTEP and WssTP, June 2013, edited by JP. Birat, 52 p., ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/estep/docs/water-steel-report_en.pdf [Google Scholar]
  48. J.-P. Birat, C. Alzamora, S. Carler, A-C Moonen, E. Malfa, Biodiversity, business and the steel sector, ESTEP working document, February 2014, 23 p. [Google Scholar]
  49. Convention on Biological Diversity, United Nations, 1992, https://www.cbd.int/doc/legal/cbd-en.pdf [Google Scholar]
  50. J.-P. Birat, Metallurgy in Society and Scientific excellence, Invited keynote, SFI Metal Production, NTNU, Trondheim, 23 June 2015 [Google Scholar]
  51. H. Lavelaine, J.P. Birat, Eco-design of steel production and induced social services, 8th International Conference on Society & Materials, SAM-8, Liège, 20-21 May, 2014 [Google Scholar]
  52. N. Stern, The Stern review: the economics of climate change, 576 pages, 2006, http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTINDONESIA/Resources/226271-1170911056314/3428109-1174614780539/SternReviewEng.pdf, Archived from the original on 31 January 2010, Retrieved 4 August 2015 [Google Scholar]
  53. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB), An Interim Report. European Communities. 2008, 70 p. and subsequent publications, http://www.teebweb.org/our-publications/all-publications/ [Google Scholar]
  54. Europe 2020 strategy, http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/index_en.htm and Horizon 2020’s societal challenges, http://ec.europa.eu/programmes/horizon2020/en/h2020-section/societal-challenges [Google Scholar]
  55. presentation of the SOVAMAT Initiative, www.sovamat.org [Google Scholar]
  56. J.-P. Birat, A. Declich, S. Belboom, G. Fick, J.-S. Thomas, M. Chiappini, Metall. Res. Technol. 112 (2015) 501 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  57. J.-P. Birat, Matériaux et Techniques 103 (2015) N5 [Google Scholar]
  58. J.-P. Birat, Coulée continue de bandes d’acier, Techniques de l’Ingénieur, M7816, 2000, pp.1-20 [Google Scholar]
  59. http://automotive.arcelormittal.com/europe/products/FR [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.