Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 112, Number 4, 2015
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||14 September 2015|
Study on the kinetic mechanism of steel resulfurization by sulfur-bearing slag
School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering University of
Science and Technology Beijing, 30
Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing City
Received: 31 December 2014
Accepted: 19 June 2015
In practice, hot metal with low sulfur content is inevitably resulfurized in an oxygen converter. In order to fully understand the steel resulfurization process and control the sulfur content at the end of the converter blowing, resulfurization behavior of steel by slag (CaO-FeO-SiO2-CaS) was investigated in this study. The rate-controlling step was obtained and further confirmed through Si-Mo electric resistance furnace and induction furnace experiments. The effects of slag parameters including slag basicity, slag amount, initial sulfur content, CaF2 and MgO content on the rate and extent of resulfurization were investigated through induction furnace experiments. The results indicate that the rate-controlling step of resulfurization lies in sulfur transfer in the slag phase. The initial sulfur content and slag amount have a positive effect on both the rate and extent of resulfurization, while slag basicity has a negative effect on either the rate or extent of resulfurization. CaF2 addition promotes the rate of resulfurization but has little impact on the resulfurization extent. MgO addition has complex effects on resulfurization. In addition, a kinetic model was developed and its calculation results agreed well with the experimental data.
Key words: Resulfurization rate / resulfurization extent / kinetics
© EDP Sciences 2015
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