Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 115, Number 1, 2018
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||22 November 2017|
Comparative studies on acid leaching of zinc waste materials
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Non – Ferrous Metals,
Al. Mickiewicza 30,
2 OKSYMET, ul. Piłsudskiego 23E, 32-050 Skawina, Poland
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 15 September 2017
Three industrial waste materials were characterized in terms of their elemental and phase compositions, leaching behaviour in 10% sulfuric acid solution as well as leaching thermal effects. Slag from melting of mixed metallic scrap contained about 50% Zn and 10% Pb. It consisted mainly of various oxides and oxy-chlorides of metals. Zinc spray metallizing dust contained about 77% Zn in form of zinc and/or zinc-iron oxides, zinc metal and Zn-Fe intermetallic. Zinc ash from hot dip galvanizing was a mixture of zinc oxide, metallic zinc and zinc hydroxide chloride and contained about 80% Zn. Dissolution efficiency of zinc from the first material was 80% (independently on the solid to liquid ratio, 50–150 kg/m3), while decrease of the efficacy from 80% to 60% with increased solid to liquid ratio for the two remaining materials was observed. Both increase in the temperature (20 °C to 35 °C) and agitation rate (300 rpm to 900 rpm) did not improve seriously the leaching results. In all cases, transfer of zinc ions to the leachate was accompanied by different levels of solution contamination, depending on the type of the waste. Leaching of the materials was exothermic with the similar reaction heats for two high oxide-type products (slag, zinc ash) and higher values for the spray metallizing dust.
Key words: zinc / slag / dust / ash / leaching
© EDP Sciences, 2017
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