Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 115, Number 6, 2018
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||07 December 2018|
Study of manganese sulfide precipitation in medium sulfur, non-quenched and tempered steel via experiments and thermodynamic calculation
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Special Steel, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Advanced Ferrometallurgy, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai University,
00072, PR China
2 State Key Laboratory of Development and Application Technology of Automotive Steels (Baosteel Group), 889 Fujing Road, Shanghai 201900, PR China
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 27 April 2018
In this study, the precipitation behavior of MnS was calculated during the solidification process of the medium sulfur, non-quenched and tempered 49 MnVS steel. And the precipitation process was directly observed by a high-temperature confocal laser scanning microscope (HT-CLSM) equipped with a gold-image furnace. Besides, the precipitated particles were proved to be MnS by using the Scanning Electron Microscope-Energy Dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) analysis. The modified thermodynamic calculation indicated that the MnS precipitated from the residual liquid steel when the product of manganese and sulfur concentrations exceeded the equilibrium value at 1417.0 °C. Meanwhile, the results calculated by FactSage software shown that the beginning precipitation temperature of MnS is about 1411.0 °C. The observation of HT-CLSM demonstrated that the primary solid on the free surface of the liquid steel was visualized at 1485.0 °C during the solidification process (cooled from 1520.0 °C to room temperature with a rate of −30 °C/min). Then, the MnS particles started to form at 1437.0 °C and rapidly grew up into shape on the solid-liquid boundary. And the precipitation of MnS continued to form in a large amount (90% of the total) in the next 10 degrees. The enrichment of Mn and S near the local melt surface may be conducive the MnS formation, which results a higher actual precipitation temperature than the calculated value.
Key words: manganese sulfide / in situ observation / precipitation / segregation / thermodynamic
© EDP Sciences, 2018
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