Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 116, Number 2, 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||01 February 2019|
In situ observation on microstructure evolution of 22MnB5 in hot stamping process
National Engineering Research Center for Equipment Technology of Cold Strip Rolling, Yanshan University,
066004, PR China
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 6 August 2018
High temperature confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was used to investigate the microstructure evolution of high-strength boron steel 22MnB5 during hot stamping. The experimental results show that it is complete austenitized at temperatures about 810 °C during the heating process. Most of the initial austenite grain size is small and locally coarse. At 920 °C to 1000 °C, the phenomenon of B remelted and solidified was observed which played a very good pinning role at the austenite grain boundary, preventing coarsening of austenite grains. The segregation of B and the addition of Mn result in a significant reduction in both the minimum boron reverse melt content and the final solidification temperature. In the continuous cooling stage, martensitic transformation occurs at the cooling rate of 60 °C/s, and the martensite start point is 400 °C and martensite finish point is 280 °C. A large number of bursts are concentrated from 380 °C to 330 °C. There are two main forms of martensitic transformation: first, martensite begins to appear at the coarse austenite grain boundary, and grows transgranularly. Second, the new martensite laths starts from the previously formed laths and grows at a certain angle into the austenite grains. The main factor in the increase of martensite in continuous cooling is the formation of variable temperature martensite rather than the growth of martensite laths. At the cooling rate of 20 °C/s, the bainite and ferrite transformation appeared and the conversion temperature of bainite was about 600 °C. The cooling speed has a great influence on the performance of the 22MnB5 hot stamping component. The room temperature microhardness at cooling rates of 5 °C/s, 20 °C/s, and 60 °C/s was 194 HV, 243 HV, and 430 HV, respectively. Therefore, ensuring sufficient cooling rate is a key condition for obtaining ultra-high strength hot stamping components.
Key words: in situ observation / hot stamping / 22MnB5 / remelting / martensitic transformation
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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