Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 116, Number 2, 2019
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||29 January 2019|
Effect of reoxidation on inclusions in steel during calcium treatment
Beijing Key Lab. of Green Recycling of Metals, School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB),
100083, PR China
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 28 August 2018
In the current study, the effect of reoxidation on inclusions during calcium treatment was studied via adding Fe2O3 into a Al-killed molten steel at 1 min after the addition of calcium. The total oxygen (T.O.) content increased from 10 to 24 ppm just after the reoxidation occurred, while it finally decreased to 14 ppm since inclusions were floated to the top of the steel and absorbed by the formed slag layer. The increased T.O. favored the decomposition of CaS, especially for the heat with high sulfur contents. The vaporization of calcium, which leads to the decrease of calcium content, is the driving force for the evolution of inclusions from CaO-CaS-(Al2O3) to CaO-Al2O3-(CaS) due to the limited degree of reoxidation. The contact angle between inclusions and the molten steel increased with the increase of Al2O3 in calcium alumina, which favored the removal of inclusions. Increased sulfur content decreased the surface tension of molten steel, which led to remove less inclusions since the contact angle between inclusions and the molten steel was decreased. Thus, more inclusions were measured in heats with higher sulfur content.
Key words: reoxidation / steel / inclusions / calcium treatment / sulfur content / thermodynamic prediction
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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