Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 116, Number 4, 2019
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||21 May 2019|
Leaching behavior and kinetics of vanadium extraction from vanadium-bearing steel slag
School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang,
110004, PR China
2 Institute of Vanadium Titanium Technology, HBIS Group ChengSteel, Chengde, Hebei 067102, PR China
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 22 November 2018
The vanadium-bearing steel slag as solid waste is also one of valuable vanadium-containing resource. Recovering vanadium from the refractory steel slag is a great challenge in the world. A leaching process study using high concentration sodium hydroxide solution was proposed in this laboratory work. The effects of sodium hydroxide concentration, particle size, leaching temperature and the ratio of alkali to slag on the rate of vanadium leaching were determined and the leaching kinetics was presented. It indicates that the leaching rate is highly sensitive to the sodium hydroxide concentration and leaching temperature and increases with increasing temperature and sodium hydroxide concentration. By studying the reaction mechanisms, it was found that the dicalcium silicate, tricalcium silicate and calcium ferrited which co-exist with calcium vanadate in the vanadium-bearing steel slag were gradually exposed and reacted with NaOH media to form Na3VO4. The leaching kinetics was analyzed which indicated that the leaching rate is controlled by the chemical reaction with the apparent activation energy of 51.34 kJ/mol. On the basis of this process, the vanadium can be effectively extracted with a leaching rate of more than 80%. The leaching medium can be recycled. It is an effective and cleaner process for leaching vanadium.
Key words: vanadium-bearing steel slag / extraction / vanadium / kinetics / sodium hydroxide
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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