Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 116, Number 4, 2019
|Number of page(s)
|29 May 2019
Microhardness evolution of pure titanium deformed by equal channel angular extrusion
Material Science and Engineering Department, Iran University of Science and Technology,
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al Khobar 31952, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, London, SW7 2AZ, UK
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 4 December 2018
Microhardness homogeneity was assessed on commercial pure titanium processed by equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE). The operation was performed with die channel angle of 90° and processing temperature of 450 °C by route BC up to six passes. The Vickers microhardness measurements were investigated on both cross-sectional and longitudinal planes of the annealed, one-, two-, four-, and six-pass ECAEed titanium. It was found that the application of the process and the addition of pass numbers lead to the improvement of hardness magnitude. It was shown that there are some areas of microhardness heterogeneity in surrounding and bottom regions of the one-pass and two-pass specimens at the cross-sectional plane which is slightly disappeared by adding the pass numbers. Furthermore, there is a suitable amount of hardness homogeneity in the longitudinal plane, irrespective of the specimen condition. It can be concluded that a desirable homogeneity of hardness can be attained after imposing six passes of ECAE process on both cross-sectional and longitudinal planes of titanium.
Key words: commercially pure titanium / equal channel angular extrusion / microhardness behavior / transmission electron microscopy
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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