Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 116, Number 6, 2019
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Published online||24 October 2019|
Effect of mechanical activation on the structure of pulverized coal and iron ore powder
School of metallurgical engineering, Anhui university of technology,
2 Key laboratory of metallurgical emission reduction & resources recycling, ministry of education, Anhui university of technology, 243002 Ma’anshan, Anhui, China
3 School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, 110819 Shenyang, Liaoning, China
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 22 August 2019
Morphologies and structures of pulverized coal and iron ore powder after mechanical activation were studied by SEM, XRD, FTIR and laser particle sizer. The microcrystalline structure of coal was found to be destroyed by mechanical activation via reducing the pile height and number of layers, and the organic structure of coal was altered through the destruction of the ether bond. Mechanical activation led to distortions and dislocations of the crystal lattice of iron ore, decreasing crystallite size, increasing the grain boundary area, and producing an amorphous phase. These increased the Gibbs free energies of dislocations and grain boundaries as well as the surface Gibbs free energy and the amorphization Gibbs free energy, which would eventually increase the energy stored in iron ore called mechanical storage energy. The longer the mechanical activation process, the higher mechanical storage energy for the iron ore will be saved. The amorphization Gibbs free energy is the biggest among the four kinds of Gibbs free energy, accounting for 94.8% ∼ 87.1% of the total storage energy in the mechanical activated iron ore.
Key words: mechanical activation / iron ore / coal / reduction / structure
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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