Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 117, Number 3, 2020
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||03 June 2020|
Microstructure evolution mechanism of Al/Mg dissimilar joint during friction stir welding
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology,
Taiyuan, PR China
2 Key Laboratory of Interface Science and Engineering in Advanced Materials, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, PR China
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 14 February 2020
A butt friction stir welding (FSW) process was performed on 6061 Al and AZ31 Mg plates. The microstructure evolutions of the three main regions in the nugget zone (NZ) retained in the FSW joint were systematically investigated to clarify the joint formation mechanism during FSW. The differential etching of these microstructural features was found to produce very vivid flow features. During FSW, the material in the shoulder affected zone (SAZ) was mainly driven by the shoulder, and only a small amount of it was driven by the pin. A strip of Al transferred by the pin from the retreating side (RS) to the advancing side (AS) contacted and reacted with Mg, thus forming intermetallic compounds (IMCs) (e.g., Mg17Al12 and Al3Mg2). Due to the stirring action and tilted angle of the threaded pin, a banded structure (BS) feature tilted at approximately 45° was produced by the alternating lamellae of IMCs. The appearance of an onion ring structure occurred in the severely deformed zone (SDZ), which could be attributed to the reflection effect of the imaginary die wall. Finally, the overall flow pattern of the joint was obtained.
Key words: friction stir welding / dissimilar / material flow / different etching / microstructure evolution mechanism
© EDP Sciences, 2020
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