Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 117, Number 6, 2020
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Published online||11 September 2020|
Numerical analysis of local heat flux and thin-slab solidification in a CSP funnel-type mold with electromagnetic braking
Central Iron and Steel Research Institute,
100081, PR China
2 Wuhan Branch of Baosteel Central Research Institute, Wuhan 430080, PR China
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 22 July 2020
In this article, based on the actual monitored temperature data from mold copper plate with a dense thermocouple layout and the measured magnetic flux density values in a CSP thin-slab mold, the local heat flux and thin-slab solidification features in the funnel-type mold with electromagnetic braking are analyzed. The differences of local heat flux, fluid flow and solidified shell growth features between two steel grades of Q235B with carbon content of 0.19%C and DC01 of 0.03%C under varying operation conditions are discussed. The results show the maximum transverse local heat flux is near the meniscus region of over 0.3 m away from the center of the wide face, which corresponds to the upper flow circulation and the large turbulent kinetic energy in a CSP funnel-type mold. The increased slab width and low casting speed can reduce the fluctuation of the transverse local heat flux near the meniscus. There is a decreased transverse local heat flux in the center of the wide face after the solidified shell is pulled through the transition zone from the funnel-curve to the parallel-cure zone. In order to achieve similar metallurgical effects, the braking strength should increase with the increase of casting speed and slab width. Using the strong EMBr field in a lower casting speed might reverse the desired effects. There exist some differences of solidified shell thinning features for different steel grades in the range of the funnel opening region under the measured operating conditions, which may affect the optimization of the casting process in a CSP caster.
Key words: CSP funnel-type mold / electromagnetic braking / numerical simulation / mold local heat flux / heat transfer and solidification
© EDP Sciences, 2020
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