Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 117, Number 6, 2020
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Published online||09 November 2020|
Resistance spot weldability of TBF steel sheets with dissimilar thickness
Beycelik Gestamp Inc., BTSO Organized Industrial Zone,
2 Engineering Faculty, Mechanical Engineering Department, Bursa Uludag University, 16059 Gorukle-Bursa, Turkey
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 30 September 2020
This paper presents an experimental study on weldability of TBF steel sheets with dissimilar thickness. Nominal thickness of TBF sheets were 0.95 and 1.55 mm. Optical microscope was used to observe the cracks formed in the weld zone. The indentation depths were determined by ultrasonic technique. Tensile shear tests were applied to the welded specimens in order to determine the mechanical properties. Higher weld current and time resulted in higher nugget size and indentation depth. This increase in nugget size and indentation depth with increasing of weld current and weld time was almost linearly. The liquid metal embrittlement crack sensitivity in the HAZ was very high on TBF spot welds. The liquid metal embrittlement cracks were much deeper and wider along the weld periphery regions compared to the nugget regions. These cracks were occurred easily with a higher heat input and the crack depth increased almost linearly with increasing of heat input. Weld strength of the specimens was governed by crack formation in the HAZ. Lower weld currents and weld times resulted in higher tensile shear properties. The highest tensile shear load (18.50 kN) and energy absorption (37.5 J) were achieved at 6 kA for 20 cycles. This weld exhibited interfacial failure mode.
Key words: TBF steel / resistance spot welding / welding parameters / liquid metal embrittlement / tensile shear properties
© EDP Sciences, 2020
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