Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 118, Number 1, 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||30 November 2020|
Effect of plasma gas atmosphere on hydroxyapatite-coated titanium-based implants
Department of Dental Materials, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education,
2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal 575001, Karnataka, India
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 30 September 2020
The study was designed to understand the influence of different atmospheres of plasma gas on hydroxyapatite-coated commercially pure Titanium (Ti) and titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V). Ti and Ti-6Al-4V were plasma spray-coated with hydroxyapatite in argon, nitrogen, argon/hydrogen, and nitrogen/hydrogen atmospheres. The microstructure, porosity, calcium to phosphate (Ca-P) ratio, surface roughness, and hardness of the coat were characterized using a scanning electron microscope, energy dispersive spectroscopy, image analyzer, profilometer, and Vickers hardness tester. The analyses of the coatings obtained in different plasma gas atmospheres showed variation in microstructure, morphology, porosity, surface roughness, and hardness. As the enthalpy decreased, an increase in porosity was observed in nitrogen/hydrogen, nitrogen, argon/hydrogen, and argon atmospheres, respectively. Peak Ca-P ratio was observed in argon, which is the most inert atmosphere compared to other tested plasma atmospheres. Atmospheres with high enthalpy presented an even surface with comparatively low surface roughness. Hardness value decreased with increasing porosity. The plasma gas atmosphere has a significant influence on Ca-P ratio, porosity, and microcracks of hydroxyapatite-coated oral implants.
Key words: EDS / implant coating / plasma spraying / SEM / surface characterization
© EDP Sciences, 2020
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