Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 119, Number 1, 2022
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Published online||03 February 2022|
Investigation on the effect of powder size on the properties of cladding layer based on RSM
School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, FuJian University of Technology, Fuzhou 350118, PR China
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Accepted: 6 January 2022
This paper aims to reveal the influence of different TiC powder particle sizes and process parameters on the cladding morphology of composite materials and realize the forming control of cladding layer. The center composite design of response surface method was adopted to analyze the effects of laser power, scanning speed and particle size on the cladding morphology of composite materials. The mathematical models between process parameters, TiC powder particle size and micro-hardness, wear volume of the composite cladding layer were established and confirmed by variance analysis and model verification. The results indicate that powder particle size has most significant effect on the micro-hardness, and it increase with the increase of scanning speed, laser power and powder particle size; the effect of powder particle size on the wear resistance of the clad layer is most significant, and it increases with the increase of powder particle size and decreases with the increase of scanning speed and laser power. The optimization of process parameters is carried out with the target of maximizing micro-hardness and minimizing wear area. The error rates between prediction and experiment for the micro-hardness and wear area are 0.1% and 2.0% respectively. The results of this paper provide a reference for the prediction and control of the cladding morphology of composite materials.
Key words: laser cladding / powder particle size / response surface method / hardness / wear volume
© EDP Sciences, 2022
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