Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 119, Number 5, 2022
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Published online||10 August 2022|
Numerical simulation and experimental study on production of high-speed steel powder by high-frequency induction melting gas atomization
School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), 100083 Beijing, PR China
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 29 March 2022
A new method (electrode induction gas atomization, EIGA) of producing high-speed steel powder was preliminarily studied by a combination of numerical simulation and experiment. Based on COMSOL Multiphysics® software, the effect of various parameters including coil angle, output frequency and power of the electrical source on flux density, induced current, temperature field and phase field was simulated. Meanwhile, the experiment was carried out on the EIGA device to produce high-speed steel powder. The results of FEM simulation indicate that when the coil angle is 30°, there is the highest thermal efficiency on the electrode cone, and the induced current and temperature will increase as the output frequency and power of the electrical source increase. In addition, the powder experimentally obtained by the EIGA method exhibits good particle sphericity regardless of the size, with a median diameter (D50) of 71.4 μm and a low oxygen content of 81 μg/g. The phase composition of the powder is mainly composed of γ-Fe and α-Fe structures and MC-type carbides. Due to the faster cooling rate, a solidification microstructure consists of fine cellular crystals and dendrites, and no coarse eutectic carbide network is observed, also confirmed by EDX elemental mapping.
Key words: PM high-speed steel / EIGA method / numerical simulation / powder characterization
© EDP Sciences, 2022
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