Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 120, Number 6, 2023
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||07 November 2023|
Reaction behavior of high manganese and high aluminum steel with chromium-containing ladle filler sand
School of Materials and Metallurgy, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051, PR China
2 Shenyang University of Technology, Shenyang 110870, PR China
Accepted: 12 September 2023
In order to understand the reaction mechanism of high manganese and high aluminum steel with ladle filler sand and improve the ladle free-opening rate, some laboratory experiments were carried out. The effect of [Mn] and [Al] contents in the steel and reaction time on the interfacial reaction of steel-sand were considered. The reaction mechanism between the steel and filler sand is as follows. Firstly, [Mn], [Fe]and [Al] in steel react with SiO2 in filler sand to form a liquid phase dominated by MnO-Al2O3-SiO2-FeO. With the progress of the reaction, [Mn] and [Al] gradually reduce FeO, which leads to some metallic Fe being generated. Secondly, the liquid phase is further expanded, and solid phase (chromite phase) is dissolved into the liquid. At the same time, the Cr2O3 in the liquid phase is reduced by [Al] in the steel. Finally, the liquid phase flows down by the gaps because of gravity, forming a sintered layer. In addition, both [Mn] and [Al] in steel can increase the liquid phase of filler sand, because the MnO and Al2O3 of reaction products will lower the liquidous temperature, thus aggravating the sintering of filler sand.
Key words: Reaction behavior / high manganese and high aluminum steel / ladle filler sand / ladle free-opening rate
© EDP Sciences, 2023
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