Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 113, Number 3, 2016
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Published online||29 April 2016|
Experimental investigation of the effects of process parameters on the strength of eutectoid steel (AISI 1075) sheet resistance spot welds
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Arak University of Technology, 38181-41167
2 Faculty of Engineering, Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Arak University, Arak, Iran
Accepted: 4 February 2016
High carbon steel has attractive properties such as high strength and good wear resistance. However, the welding of these steels often includes the undesirable results of low ductility and high hardness, which has to be corrected by relatively expensive heat treatments. In this work, resistance spot welding (RSW) process of eutectoid steel (AISI 1075) sheet is studied experimentally. The effects of process parameters such as welding current, electrode force, welding cycle and cooling cycle on the tensile-shear strength of resistance spot welded joints are investigated using response surface methodology (RSM). Two failure modes such as interfacial and partial interfacial modes are observed in the tensile tests of resistance spot welded joints. The variation of tensile-shear strength with process parameters is mathematically modeled by using the regression analysis method and a closed form equation is derived. The results show that tensile-shear strength is increased with increase in welding current and welding cycle. Also, it is demonstrated from results that tensile-shear strength is decreased with increase in electrode force and cooling cycle.
Key words: Resistance spot welding / eutectoid steel (AISI 1075) / response surface methodology / tensile-shear strength
© EDP Sciences 2016
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