Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 115, Number 5, 2018
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Published online||23 October 2018|
Factors influencing melt fluidity of iron ore
School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB),
30 Xueyuan Road,
100083, PR China
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 28 February 2018
The melt fluidity (MF) of iron ore, which reflects the flow and bonding abilities of the melt, plays a significant role during sintering. In this study, the MF of iron ore was measured by the micro-sintering method, and the formation and flow of the melt were analyzed using Factsage 7.0. Additionally, chemical reagent simulation tests were conducted to determine the effects of chemical components and gangue mineral types on MF, and the effect of MF on sinter strength was studied by sinter pot tests. The results show that the sintering melt includes some non-miscible liquids and solids. The liquid phases of hematite and limonite ores include silico-ferrites of calcium and aluminum system (predominant) and silico-ferrites of calcium system, and those of the magnetite ores are CaO-FeO-Fe2O3-SiO2 systems. The MF of iron ore depends mainly on liquid amount and viscosity, which play opposite roles in increasing the MF. Moreover, SiO2 increases the MF, whereas Al2O3 and loss on ignition decrease the MF. Increasing the substitution proportion of quartz and gibbsite by kaolinite enhances the MF. The effect of MF of the ore blends on the shatter index of the sinter shows a trend of inverted “V”.
Key words: melt fluidity / melt formation / iron ore / chemical component / gangue mineral type
© EDP Sciences, 2018
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