Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 116, Number 3, 2019
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||05 April 2019|
Influence of alkaline additives on main minerals in Baotou rare earth tailings in the process of coal-based magnetizing roasting
School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University,
110819, PR China
2 Liaoning Key Laboratory of Recycling Science for Metallurgical Resources, Shenyang 110819, PR China
3 National Engineering Research Center for Rare Earth Materials, General Research Institute for Non-Ferrous Metals, Beijing 100088, PR China
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 31 July 2018
The influence of NaOH-Ca(OH)2 on magnetizing roasting of iron minerals and on the decomposition reactions of rare earth minerals during coal-based magnetizing roasting is explored in the present work. The effect of alkaline additives was determined by means of SEM-EDS and X-ray diffraction methods in NaOH-Ca(OH)2-coal-tailings mixtures under optimal magnetizing roasting conditions (mass ratio of NaOH, Ca(OH)2, coal and tailings equal to 2.5: 4.5: 2.5: 100, roasting at 650 °C for 2.5 h). Although NaOH results in an adverse impact on magnetizing roasting of hematite, iron in silicate minerals could be released by NaOH-Ca(OH)2 additive as a form of hematite, which is further reduced to ferromagnetic magnetite. Moreover, the reduction ability of gas is improved in presence of coal and water from decomposition reaction of Ca(OH)2. Regarding the decomposition of bastanasite, no evident effect of NaOH-Ca(OH)2 is observed. The roasted products of pristine bastnasite particles are mainly composed of rare earth oxides (REO) with little fluorine, independent on the use of alkaline additives. No high purity REO were determined in the monazite particle by SEM-EDS, which is mainly decomposed into REO and REFeO3.
Key words: NaOH-Ca(OH)2 / rare earth tailings / rare earth minerals / iron-bearing silicate mineral / magnetizing roasting
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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