Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 116, Number 3, 2019
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||10 April 2019|
Solvent extraction process for the selective recovery of copper and cobalt from carrollite leach solution
School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University,
Hunan, PR China
2 Department of Chemistry, Imperial College London, London SW72AZ, England
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 25 September 2018
A solvent extraction application consisting of three-sequential solvent extraction steps to selectively recover the copper and cobalt from carrollite leach solution was conceived and experimentally explored. The first step allowed the simultaneous extraction of 95.5% copper, 0.87% cobalt and 4.79% iron using 20% Lix984 in sulfonated kerosene and O/A ratio of 1 at initial pH of 2. Two-stage scrubbing at pH = 4 using diluted sulphuric acid solution allowed the removal of most of the cobalt (98.56%), iron (97.25%) and small amount of copper (0.36%). Complete stripping of copper was achieved at H2SO4 concentration of 1.5 mol/L and an O:A ratio of 1. This raffinate was the feed for the second step. The use 30% P204 in sulfonated kerosene, sodium-saponification rate of 30% and initial pH of 2.5 allowed the removal of 100% iron, 98.45% zinc, 93.64% calcium and 22.77% magnesium under the O:A ratio of 1 but with substantial co-removal of cobalt (8.23%). Two-stage scrubbing of this loaded organic phase at pH = 2.5 using diluted sulphuric acid solution allowed the extraction of most of the cobalt (92.75%). This raffinate was the feed for the third step. The simultaneous extraction of 99.08% cobalt, 5.12% magnesium and 2.87% nickel was found using 35% P507 in sulfonated kerosene, sodium-saponification rate of 65% and initial pH of 4 at an O:A ratio of 1:2. Two-stage scrubbing at pH = 3.5 using diluted sulphuric acid solution allowed the removal of most of the magnesium (96.82%), nickel (93.49%) and small amount of cobalt (2.87%). Complete stripping of cobalt was achieved at H2SO4 concentration of 1.0 mol/L at an O:A ratio of 3:1. Meanwhile, as long as the phase ratio (O/A) of extraction and stripping were properly controlled, this diluted cobalt solution can be concentrated before being sent to a subsequent step such as recovery of the metal by electrowinning. Based on the experimental results, a flowsheet for the extraction process is presented.
Key words: carrollite / solvent extraction / selective recovery / flowsheet
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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