Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 116, Number 3, 2019
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||01 April 2019|
Experimental and ab initio study of the influence of a compound modifier on carbidic ductile iron
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology,
100124, PR China
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 6 November 2018
To improve the morphology of carbides in carbidic ductile iron, a compound modifier consisting of 0.1% Nb + 0.1% Ti + 0.1 wt.% Y was added to the base ductile iron with chemical composition of 3.72% C, 2.77% Si, 0.51% Mn, 0.99% Cr and balance Fe (wt.%). The effect of this compound modifier on the microstructures of carbidic ductile iron was studied. Also, first-principles calculations were carried out to better understand the modification mechanisms. The results showed that the maximum diameter of spheroidal graphite nodules decreased from 58 to 34 µm after the addition of compound modifier, and continuous carbide networks changed into a broken network. The roundness of graphite nodules decreased slightly, and the percent nodularity of the graphite nodules and the number of carbides decreased by 3 and 1.8%, respectively. Compounds with higher melting point are formed thanks to the compound modifier which acts as heterogeneous core, and the remaining Ti and Nb elements can be selectively attracted by (010) surface of Fe8Cr4C4. Furthermore, Cr elements can be easily replaced by Ti and Nb in the carbides to form more stable Fe8Cr3TiC4 and Fe8Cr3NbC4, which can prevent the continuing growth of carbide on the Fe8Cr4C4 (010) crystal surface and break the continuous network M3C. Y atoms cannot be directly adsorbed onto Fe8Cr4C4 (010) surfaces. They combine first with oxygen in the ductile iron to form Y2O3. The work of adhesion of the interface between a Y2O3 (100) and a Fe8Cr4C3 (010) is predicted to be 0.3 J/m2. The addition of Y element is found to have a positive effect on breaking up the continuity of the carbide network.
Key words: compound modification / carbidic ductile iron / carbides / first principles / calculations
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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