Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 117, Number 1, 2020
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||20 January 2020|
The role of chromium during austempering of ductile iron
Instituto de Investigación en Metalurgia y Materiales, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo,
2 Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, UAEH, Pachuca, Hidalgo, México
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 24 December 2019
The present work analyzes the effect of small additions of chromium in the final structure of a commercial Austempered Ductile Iron (ADI). The study is made with emphasis on the effect of this element on the processing window. The results indicate that chromium addition decreases the stability of austenite promoting the martensitic transformation during cooling which increases the hardness and reduces the elongation. Likewise the increase in chromium addition delays the rate of transformation to ausferrite (stage I) and accelerates the stage II reaction promoting the bainite formation narrowing the optimal processing window. However, this effect is markedly reduced when the material is subjected to a long process of homogenization, prior to austempering process. The results of this work are discussed in terms of the degree of chromium segregation during solidification.
Key words: austempered ductile iron / chromium effect / homogenization / processing window
© EDP Sciences, 2020
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