Metall. Res. Technol.
Volume 118, Number 1, 2021
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||04 December 2020|
An investigation on thermodynamics and kinetics of η phase formation in Nb-modified iron-nickel base A286 superalloy
School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology,
Narmak Ave., P.O. Box 16846-13114,
2 Metallic Materials Research Center (MMRC), Malek Ashtar University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-1774, Tehran, Iran
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 6 November 2020
In this study, precipitation of η phase (Ni3Ti) in conventional and Nb-modified (Nb-A286) A286 superalloys was evaluated at different aging times and temperatures. The TTP curve of the η phase formation was plotted using thermodynamic analyses, kinetics and microstructural studies. Depending on temperature and heat treatment, the η phase precipitated at the grain boundaries or twin sites, as a result of the γ′ phase or matrix austenite transformation. Heat treatment of conventional A286 superalloy and Nb-A286 was performed within a temperature range of 650 to 900 °C for 2 to 30 h. The η phase transformation was evaluated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) which is equipped to energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and optical microscopy (OM). In the analyses based on thermodynamic calculations, the interaction of the Gibbs free energy of η phase formation and the diffusion activation energy of the elements, especially titanium and niobium, was considered. The microstructural studies showed that increasing the heat treatment time results in increasing the volume fraction of the η phase. By increasing the aging temperature to 840 and 860 °C for conventional A286 superalloy and Nb-A286 superalloy, respectively, the η phase volume fraction increased, however, further increase led to volume fraction decrease. The results of the thermodynamic analyses showed the tip of the TTP diagrams at temperatures of 860 and 820 °C for the A286 and Nb-A286 alloys, respectively. Investigation of kinetics calculations showed that η phase transformation depends on the diffusion of titanium, nickel, and niobium.
Key words: η phase (Ni3Ti) / A286 superalloy / TTP curve / thermodynamic analyses / kinetics and microstructural studies
© EDP Sciences, 2020
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