Table 1

List of chemical species in the liquid steel and in the gas phases.

Liquid steel (continuous phase)   Gas (discrete phase)
Dissolved elements   Dissolved elements
   Fe, Al, Mn, Si, Ca, Mg, C, S, O      Ar, Ca
Non-metallic inclusions    
   Liquid inclusion MnO + SiO2 + Al2O3 + CaO + MgO  
   Ca aluminatesa A, CA6, CA2, CA, C12A7, C3A  
   Spinels MgO•Al2O3, MnO•Al2O3  
   Sulfides CaS, MgS, MnS, CrS  

C stands for CaO and A stands for Al2O3 in Ca aluminate inclusions.

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